Article by HDI Forum
When a human being is conceived, normally a sperm cell and an ovum cell combine to become one, and it starts dividing itself into more and more cells, which make the human body.
There are thousands of these cells, so they keep dying as new ones are generated so there aren’t too many.
If the body for any reason stops functioning this way, it could mean the person has cancer.
How Does Testicular Cancer Occur in Males?
Cancer happens when old cells do not die and new ones are over produced, eventually causing a cluster of cells which is referred to as a tumor.
This is the cause of most cancers.
The testicles have a cell called the germ cell.
This cell is responsible for creating immature sperm.
Although the cause of testicular cancer is not known, testicular cancer starts from the germ cell.
There are tumors that are not cancerous, benign tumors, and ones that are cancerous, the malignant tumors.
While cells in the former do not spread to other organs, the latter cells can spread to the whole body and cause a new cancer from the original.
So it is very important to treat cancer in its early stages, by detecting it early through its symptoms.
Statistics show that 68% of men are diagnosed before it spreads to the testicles.
When detected at this stage, there is a 99% chance of survival.
The Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
Here are the symptoms that you need to look out for to detect testicular cancer.
- Gathering of fluid in the scrotum.
- Pain in the groin area – There could be cramping in the lower abdomen.
- Abnormal development of the testicle.
- Inflamed testicle – This is the most common sign.
- Discomfort -A general change in how the testicle feels or looks.
- Family history – A lot of times, having cancer is due to a history of it being in the blood line.
- Age – Testicular cancer is more rampant in men of between 15 and 44 years.
- Mild ache in the back.
- History of cryptorchidism – This happens when testes fail to descend in the scrotum before birth.
As much as the death rates of cancer have declined, the cases of cancer have rapidly increased.
Chances of survival are higher when cancer is diagnosed early.
This is done by;
- Biopsy -This is done when a cell is extracted from a living body to look for a disease.
- Checking tumor markers – These are normal, but increased levels suggest abnormalities, which might be caused by cancer. This is done by a blood test.
- Ultrasound – This will tell the doctor, whether you have lumps, and where they are located.
- Inguinal orchiectomy.
Removing the testicle for examination.
The good thing is, cancer is treatable, and there have been advances in medicine that make the mortality rate of patients with cancer, rise.
Some ways to treat testicular cancer are;
- Radiation therapy – It involves the use of powerful rays, aimed at the affected area with beams that kill the cancer cells.
- Surgery -This can either be to remove the testicle or nearby lymph nodes.
- Chemotherapy -This makes use of drugs that kill cancer cells.